Tuesday, April 17, 2012

Tòa Bạch Ốc(1)





http://media.treehugger.com/assets/images/2011/10/obama-state-dinner-white-house-photo.jpgNhà Trắng hay Tòa Bạch Ốc hay Bạch Cung (tiếng Anh: White House) được xây dựng từ năm 1792 tới năm 1800, là một biệt thự được sơn màu trắng, là nơi ở chính thức và là nơi làm việc chính của Tổng thống Hoa Kỳ và được xây dựng bằng sa thạch theo kiểu tân cổ điển. Số nhà 1600 Đại lộ Pennsylvania NW tại Washington, D.C.
Thuật ngữ "Nhà Trắng" thường được dùng để chỉ chính quyền của tổng thống Hoa Kỳ đương nhiệm do đó là nơi làm việc chính của tổng thống Hoa Kỳ. Sở Công viên Quốc gia (NPS) quản lý mảnh đất vườn thuộc Công viên Tổng thống.Hình Nhà Trắng có trên mặt sau của tờ giấy bạc 20 đô la.http://schlicks.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/20-dollar-bill.jpg
Bên trong Nhà Trắng như thế nào? Hãy cùng khám phá nhé! 
James Hoben là kiến trúc sư đầu tiên của công trình, sau đó trong thời kì Jefferson nắm quyền kiến trúc sư Henry Latrobe là người chịu trách nhiệm mở rộng nó. Vào năm 2007, Nhà Trắng đứng thứ hai trong bảng danh sách Những công trình kiến trúc được yêu thích nhất tại Mỹ.


White House Residence Sub-Basements

Basement Mezzanine in 1952 (created by Peter Sharkey)

Sub-Basement in 1952 (created by Peter Sharkey)

Ground Floor

First Floor

Second Floor

Third Floor

Hãy cùng chúng tôi tham quan nơi ở và làm việc chính thức của các đời tổng thống Mỹ.
Chỉ ít người có thể nhận ra tòa Bạch Ốc này rộng đến mức nào, bởi phần lớn cấu trúc của nó ẩn dưới mặt đất và vì nó trông nhỏ bé hơn kích thước thật khi so sánh với khung cảnh xung quanh. 

South face, with round portico in 2007 (Derek Jensen)
North face, with square portico in 2007 (Derek Jensen)



Benjamin Henry Latrobe 1804
Henry Latrobe
 
Bên trong Nhà Trắng có: 6 tầng với diện tích sàn tổng cộng là 5.100 m² (55.000 ft²), 132 phòng và 35 phòng tắm, 412 cửa ra vào, 147 cửa sổ, 28 lò sưởi, 8 cầu thang, 3 thang máy, 5 đầu bếp làm việc toàn thời gian, 1 sân quần vợt, 1 đường băng bowling, 1 rạp chiếu phim, 1 đường chạy, 1 hồ bơi. Mỗi ngày có tới 5000 lượt khách tới thăm.


Lối vào North Portico
là nơi Tổng thống và Đệ nhất Phu nhân đón tiếp các vị khách của Liên bang trước khi vào bữa tiệc chính. Lối vào phía bắc này đối diện với Đại lộ Pennsylvania, địa chỉ chính thức của Nhà Trắng nên nó cũng được coi như là lối vào chính của Nhà Trắng.
 
The North Portico, circa 2003 at Christmastime
The Zweibel "White House in Miniature"
The North Portico in 2002 at Christmastime, hardly a change in the 100 years
since the Roosevelt 1 renovation removed the Tiffany glass
The North Portico in 1992 (HABS)
Diagram of the the North Portico in 1992 (click for large version) (HABS)
The North Portico in 1952, reopened after the reconstruction (Truman Library - Abbie Rowe)
The North Portico being renovated and getting a more expansive stair (Truman Library)
The North Portico, circa 1933 (Library of Congress)
The North Portico, circa 1920, getting its annual wash (Library of Congress)
The North Portico in 1913, revealing the court doors (Library of Congress)
The North Portico at the time of Alice Roosevelt's wedding in 1906 (Library of Congress)
The North Portico, circa 1902, with Tiffany windows (Library of Congress - Frances Benjamin Johnston)
The North Portico, circa 1893, with Tiffany windows (Library of Congress - Frances Benjamin Johnston)
The north face in 1892
The North Portico in 1889, in the Grover Cleveland years (Library of Congress)
The North Portico shortly after the Civil War, circa 1866 (Library of Congress)
The North Portico during the Civil War, circa 1865 (Library of Congress)
The East Wing east face, circa 2005
The East Wing from the northeast in 1992 (HABS - Jack Boucher)
The East Wing from the southeast in 1992 (HABS - Jack Boucher)
The East Wing from the southwest in 1992 (HABS - Jack Boucher)
The East Wing east face in 1992
The East Wing in 1987, looking southeast (Dept of Defense)
East Wing from the "East Garden" side in 1952, showing the gallery colonnade glassed in and a second floor added (Truman Library - Abbie Rowe)
East Wing in 1922, looking northwest
East Wing, circa 1920, looking southeast (Library of Congress)
East Wing, circa 1919, looking west (Library of Congress)
East Wing, circa 1917, looking northwest (Library of Congress - Harris & Ewing)
Women's voting rights activists picketing the White House in 1917,
the first time the White House had been picketed (Library of Congress)
Search lights light up the White House on the 1911 wedding anniversary of the Tafts (Library of Congress)
The "East Garden" circa 1904, showing the East Wing's open colonnade (Library of Congress)
East Wing, circa 1906 (Library of Congress)
Theodore Roosevelt East Wing, circa 1904 (Library of Congress)
East entrance to the White House in 1899 (Library of Congress)

First Floor of the East Wing

Second Floor of the East Wing

created by Peter Sharkey

Recreation of the East Wing in 1992

Artist's depiction of the East Wing in 1968 (Life)
Cánh Tây- West Wing of the White House

Cánh Tây của Nhà Trắng bao gồm Phòng Bầu Dục, phòng Nội Các, Situation Room và Roosevelt Room.
Các vị khách tới để gặp Tổng thống hay Phó Tổng thống sẽ được ngồi ở phòng tiếp đón Reception Room thuộc Cánh Tây trong khi chờ vào gặp.
Rose Garden là khu vườn bao quanh Cánh Tây được thiết kế từ năm 1913 bởi Đệ nhất Phu nhân Ellen Axson Wilson.
Barack Obama walks through the Rose Garden in 2009, view to the northeast (White House - Pete Souza)
The Rose Garden in 2006, looking west (Lafayette)
The Rose Garden in 2006, looking west (Jwolfman83_16)
The Rose Garden in 2006, looking northwest (Lafayette)
The Rose Garden in 2006, looking northwest
The Rose Garden in 2006, looking east (White House - Tara Engberg)
Proposal in the Rose Garden in 2004 (Christopher Tolton)
A garden party in 2005 (White House - Paul Morse)
The Rose Garden in 2005 during the fall tour (White House - Tina Hager)
The Rose Garden in 2004 (Dcunited)
The Rose Garden in 1992, looking northwest (HABS)
The Rose Garden in 1988, looking southeast (Reagan Library)
President Nixon and daughter Tricia in the Rose Garden in 1974 (Nixon Library)
President and First Lady Nixon in the recessional of the 1971 wedding of Tricia Nixon and Edward Cox (Library of Congress)
John-John Kennedy in the new Rose Garden in circa 1963 (Kennedy Library)
First Cowgirl Caroline Kennedy rides Macaroni the Pony up the south lawn toward the Rose Garden,
which is being replanted in 1962 (Kennedy Library)
The Rose Garden circa 1956, after the Roosevelt redesign of the West Wing but before the Rose Garden was turned into a lawn (HABS)
The West Wing and Rose Garden, circa 1933 (HABS - Albert Burns)
Herbert Hoover (right) with outgoing secretary George Akerson in 1931 (Corbis)
The garden in 1923; note the clothesline (Library of Congress)
The garden in 1923 (Library of Congress)
The Coolidge Cabinet just outside the Rose Garden in 1923 (Library of Congress)
The garden in 1921 (Library of Congress - Frances Benjamin Johnston)
The early Rose Garden established by the Wilsons, circa 1917 (Library of Congress)
The old colonial garden in the Taft era, circa 1909 (note the clothes line on the side) (Library of Congress)
The colonial garden in the Theodore Roosevelt era, around 1908 (Library of Congress)
The old garden in the Theodore Roosevelt era in 1903 (note the drying yard) (Library of Congress)
Phòng Bầu Dục có lẽ là căn phòng được biết đến nhiều nhất trong Nhà Trắng, đây là nơi làm việc của các đời Tổng thống. Mỗi tổng thống lại để lại một “dấu ấn” của mình tại căn phòng này.
The first lady with Queen Rania of Jordan in 2009 (White House - Samantha Appleton)
The Yellow Oval Room in 2008 (C-SPAN)
Laura Bush with guests in the Yellow Oval Room in 2007 (White House - Sheelah Craighead)
The Yellow Oval Room during the holidays in 2007 (Joshua Feltman)
Laura Bush hosts Xiomora Zelaya, first lady of Honduras, in the Yellow Oval Room in 2006 (White House - Sheelah Craighead)
Laura Bush hosts a guest in the Yellow Oval Room, circa 2004, looking southwest (White House)
The Yellow Oval Room in 1992, looking north (HABS)
The Yellow Oval Room, circa 1991, looking southeast (White House Historical Association)
The Reagans in the Yellow Oval Room, circa 1986, looking east (Reagan Library)
The Yellow Oval Room, circa 1985, looking east (Architectural Digest)
The Reagans with the Waleses in the Yellow Oval Room in 1985, looking south (Reagan Library)
The Carters with the (Senator) Hollingses and (Senator) Bumperses, looking west (NARA - Carter Library)
The room in 1977, looking south (White House Historical Association)
Betty Ford with the queen of Spain in the Yellow Oval Room in 1976, looking south (NARA)
The Fords with the king and queen of Spain in the Yellow Oval Room in 1975, looking west (NARA)
The Johnson family at Christmastime in 1968 (Johnson Library)
Lynda Bird Johnson and Charles Robb in 1967
Ladybird Johnson hosts a chat about the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden in the Yellow Oval Room in 1964
The Yellow Oval Room in 1964 (White House Historical Association)
The Kennedys in the Yellow Oval Room in 1963, looking south (NARA - Cecil Stoughton)
The Yellow Oval Room when it was first converted to a sitting room, circa 1962, looking south (White House Historical Association)
The room as Dwight Eisenhower's study and trophy room, circa 1957 (Upstairs at the White House)
The room as Dwight Eisenhower's trophy room, circa 1955
The Yellow Oval Room as Harry Truman's study in 1952,
with a new desk so the Resolute desk could be moved to the Broadcast Room (Truman Library)
The Yellow Oval Room as Harry Truman's study in 1952 (Truman Library)
The Resolute desk in Truman's study in 1948 (Truman Library black and white)
The Yellow Oval Room as Harry Truman's study in 1948, with the Resolute desk, looking southeast (Truman Library)
The Yellow Oval Room as Harry Truman's study in 1947 (Truman Library)
The Roosevelts with their grandchildren in 1945, looking northeast (NARA)
Franklin Roosevelt's naval-theme study, circa 1939
FDR in his study, circa 1935, looking east (NARA)
FDR and Eleanor in his study in 1933, looking east (NARA)
FDR's nautical-themed oval study in 1940, looking south (Getty Images - Dmitri Kessel)
(in black and white: White House Historical Association - mislabeled as the Oval Office)
FDR's study, circa 1934, looking southwest
View from the Yellow Oval Room around 1930, before the Truman Balcony was built (NARA)
The Yellow Oval Room, circa 1930, looking south (NARA)
The Yellow Oval Room as Taft sitting room, circa 1912, looking northeast (Library of Congress - Harris & Ewing)
The Yellow Oval Room as Taft sitting room, circa 1912, looking northwest (Library of Congress - Harris & Ewing)
The Yellow Oval Room as Taft sitting room, circa 1909, looking east (Library of Congress - Harris & Ewing)
The Yellow Oval Room as Taft sitting room, circa 1909, looking east, into the Treaty Room (Library of Congress - Harris & Ewing)
The Yellow Oval Room as Roosevelt sitting room in 1909, looking northwest
The Yellow Oval Room before the Roosevelt renovation, circa 1901, looking northeast
The Yellow Oval Room around 1898 (Library of Congress)
The Yellow Oval Room as Benjamin Harrison's library-turned-living-room in 1890, looking northeast
(Library of Congress - Frances Benjamin Johnston)
The Yellow Oval Room as library and study, circa 1886, looking northwest
The Yellow Oval Room as Grover Cleveland's library and study in 1886, looking northeast
(White House Historical Association [Library of Congress])
The Yellow Oval Room as library, circa 1885 [stereo] (New York Public Library)
The Yellow Oval Room as library, circa 1882 [stereo] (New York Public Library)
Etching of the room as Andrew Johnson's library, circa 1868; note the stuffed bear made into a chair
Phòng Nội Các - Cabinet Room là phòng họp của các thư kí và cố vấn. Chiếc bàn bằng gỗ  “khổng lồ” đặt giữa căn phòng là món quà của Tổng thống Richara Nixon cho Nhà Trắng vào năm 1970. Ghế ngồi là thiết kế từ cuối thế kỉ 18.
The room in 2008, looking northeast (Architectural Digest)
Bush Cabinet in 2007, looking southeast (White House - Eric Draper)
George W Bush meeting with his Cabinet secretaries in 2006, looking north (White House)
George W Bush in 2006, looking east; note the new sconces (White House - Eric Draper)
George W Bush meeting with his Cabinet secretaries in 2006, looking north (White House)
Fireplace detail in the replica Cabinet Room in the Clinton Library (Cordelia Yuan)
Bush 1 era, circa 1990, looking northeast (Bush Library)
Bush 1 era, 1992, looking southeast (NARA)
Reagan era, circa 1985 (removal of bookcases), looking north (Veterans Administration)
Reagan era, circa 1984, looking northeast (niches have been opened and fitted with busts) (NARA - Reagan Library)
Carter era in 1977, looking south (NARA - Carter Library)
Carter era in 1977, looking north (NARA - Carter Library)
Betty Ford, a trained dancer, poses after dancing atop the Cabinet Room table
in the final days of her husband's administration in 1977 (Ford Library - mistakenly flopped)
Ford era in 1975 (chandeliers, sconces, and Nixon table), looking northeast (NARA - Ford Library)
Ford era, 1975, looking northwest (NARA - Ford Library)
Nixon era, looking north, in 1971 after conversion to federal style—
doors close off bookcases, chandelier replaces flourescent light (NARA)
Nixon era in 1969 before conversion, looking north (White House Historical Association)
Vice-President Humbert Humphrey talking with LBJ in 1968, looking west (Johnson Library)
LBJ listening to a tape from son-in-law Charles Robb, stationed in Vietnam in 1968 (NARA - Johnson Library)
LBJ receiving the report of the Warren Commission (including future president Ford) in 1964, looking east
Johnson era, 1966 (note the installation of transom mirrors), looking northwest (NARA)
The final Kennedy Cabinet Room in 1963, by Stephane Boudin (White House Historical Association)
Kennedy Cabinet in 1962, the day after the Cuban Missile Crisis ended, looking northwest (Kennedy Library)
Kennedy Cabinet Room in 1962, looking east (NARA)
Cabinet Room in 1960, looking north (Life)
The Eisenhower Cabinet in the room in 1957 (note the installation of flourescent lights, removal of sconces,
and doors closing off the niches, as well as new draperies) (Eisenhower Library)
The Eisenhower Cabinet Room in 1954, looking southeast (Library of Congress)
The Eisenhower Cabinet around 1954, with the mantel painting changed to TR, looking northeast (Eisenhower Library)
The modern Cabinet Room in the Truman era, circa 1950, much as it was when built in 1935, looking north (Truman Library)
The modern Cabinet Room in 1949, looking south, before the Kennedy installation of the half-round transom over the door (NARA)
First meeting of the "War Cabinet" in the modern Cabinet Room in 1941, looking northeast (Library of Congress)
The Roosevelt Cabinet before the extensive renovation of 1934.(Life "Headquarters of Roosevelt & Co." 1937)
The old Cabinet Room around 1926, looking southeast
Calvin Coolidge and Cabinet in the old Cabinet Room in 1925;
note future president Herbert Hoover at far right (Library of Congress)
Warren Harding and Cabinet in the old Cabinet Room in 1921;
note future presidents Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover opposite each other at far right (Library of Congress)
The old Cabinet Room in the expanded West Wing, circa 1920 (Library of Congress)
Old Cabinet Room in the Wilson era, circa 1914 (Library of Congress)
The new Taft Cabinet Room, circa 1911 (Library of Congress)
The Taft Cabinet in the old Cabinet Room, circa 1909
The old Cabinet Room, circa 1906, looking southwest (Library of Congress - Harris & Ewing)
Theodore Roosevelt's Cabinet Room, looking east, circa 1903 (Library of Congress)
Theodore Roosevelt's original Cabinet Room, directly adjoining his non-oval office, circa 1902 (Library of Congress)
Roosevelt Room được sử dụng làm phòng họp của các bộ, thường là để thông báo bổ nhiệm những thành viên mới. Đây cũng là phòng để các phái đoàn chuẩn bị trước khi bước vào cuộc đàm phán với Tổng thống trong phòng Bầu Dục.
George W Bush meeting in the Roosevelt Room in 2008, looking southeast
(directly across from the door at center is the Oval Office) (Architectural Digest)
Roosevelt Room in 2007, showing the false skylight (White House - Eric Draper)
3D model of the Roosevelt Room looking east (Peter Sharkey)
3D model of the Roosevelt Room looking west (Peter Sharkey)
George W Bush meeting in the Roosevelt Room in 2006, looking southeast (White House)
Roosevelt Room in 2005, looking west (White House)
George W Bush teleconferencing with astronauts in 2005 (NASA [White House - Paul Morse)
George W Bush using the "blue goose" lectern to give a radio address in 2005 (White House - Kimberlee Hewitt)
Roosevelt Room, circa 2004, looking south
The Roosevelt Room, circa 1995, looking southeast
Vice-President Al Gore meeting with C Everett Coop and others in the Roosevelt Room, circa 1994, looking east (Clinton Library)
President Clinton in the Roosevelt Room in 1993, looking east
The room in 1983, looking northeast (Reagan Library)
The Roosevelt Room around 1979, looking northeast (White House Historical Association)
Jimmy Carter having breakfast with the joint chiefs of staff in 1977, looking west (NARA - Carter Library)
Jimmy Carter meeting on coal energy in 1977, looking east (NARA - Carter Library)
Jimmy Carter having lunch with Senators Jackson and Nunn in 1977, looking northeast (NARA - Carter Library)
Gerald Ford meeting with his staff in1975, looking northeast (NARA - Ford Library)
Gerald Ford meeting with his staff, circa 1974, looking northeast (Ford Library)
Richard Nixon meeting with his staff in the recently-dedicated Roosevelt Room, circa 1972, looking southwest (Mason University)
LBJ accepts a turkey in the "Fish Room" in 1967 (Johnson Library)
White House Aide Jack Valenti and State Dept. Chief of Protocol Hand in 1965 (Life)
Briefing by presidential physician Janet Travelle, around 1963 (Life | Joe Scherschel)
Briefing by the presidential physician, around 1963 (Life | Joe Scherschel)
JFK briefs the press on Cuba in 1962 (Corbis)
John Kennedy's sailfish in the Fish Room in 1962 (White House Historical Association)
John Kennedy in the Fish Room in 1961 (NARA - Robert Knudsen)
Dwight Eisenhower in the Fish Conference Room in 1960 with the Corona space capsule (Eisenhower Library)
Dwight Eisenhower signing the St. Lawrence Seaway Act in 1954 (Eisenhower Library)
White House press adivisor Edwin W Pauley holds a press conference in 1945 (Life)
White House press adivisor Edwin W Pauley holds a press conference in 1945;
(note the same mantelpiece as the original Roosevelt 1904 office at bottom) (Life)
White House employees are fingerprinted in 1939;
(the framed poster at right depicts various big game fish) (Library of Congress - Harris & Ewing)
Executive clerk WS Crawford in 1925 (Library of Congress)
The Congressional Waiting Room around 1909 (Library of Congress - Harris & Ewing)
The Congressional Waiting Room around 1909 (Library of Congress - Barnett McFee Clinedinst)
Hand-tinted photo of Theodore Roosevelt's original West Wing office in 1904, which occupied this space (Library of Congress)
Briefing Room- Phòng họp báo: ban đầu là hồ bơi sau xây lại và đổi là phòng thông tin báo chí
The room in 2008, looking west
The room in 2008, looking west
Situation Room được đưa vào sử dụng từ năm 1914. Căn phòng là nơi diễn ra những cuộc họp quan trọng của Tổng thống với các sĩ quan Mỹ cấp cao, hay với các quan chức cấp cao trên toàn thế giới.
Navy Mess & Ward Room là một phòng ăn đặc biệt trong Nhà Trắng.
West Wing Navy Mess entrance in 2009 (White House - Pete Souza)
West Wing Navy Mess entrance, circa 2005 (White House)
West Wing Navy Mess, circa 2007
Navy Mess (probably Ward Room) in 2009 (White House - Pete Souza)
Navy Mess table near the doors to the kitchen, circa 2008
Visitors in the Navy Mess in 2006 (Ronniec103)
Visitors in the Navy Mess in 2006 (Britgirl26)
Visitors outside the mess hall in 2006 (Britgirl26)
Homeland Security Director Tom Ridge meeting with Canadian Deputy Prime Minister John Manley in 2002 (White House - Tina Hager)
Old Mess Hall counter in 2002
Mess Hall dining room, circa 2001
President Bush in the Mess in 2001 (White House)
Stairs leading to the Mess (left) and Situation Room (right)
Old Mess Hall counter, circa 2001 (White House)
The Kennedys celebrating an occasion in the Mess Hall in 1963 (NARA - Kennedy Library)
Family Theater – Nhà hát gia đình có tất cả 42 ghế, ở đây gia đình Tổng thống và bạn bè có thể xem phim.
Michelle Obama hosts a screening in 2009 (White House - Pete Souza)
The president hosts Steven Spielberg, Tom Hanks, and others in 2010 (White House - Pete Souza)
The first couple and guests try out 3D effects during the Super Bowl broadcast in 2009 (White House - Pete Souza)
The first lady hosts a movie viewing in 2009 (Time)
The theater seating in 2008 (Architectural Digest)
The theater in 2008 (Architectural Digest)
Visitors in the theater in 2008 (Daniel)
A guest visits the theater in 2006 (Ned Batchelder)
Visitors take the front row armchairs in the theater in 2006 (spificwoman13)
Laura Bush and her mother, Mrs. Jenna Welch, host Washington children in the remodeled theater in 2005 (White House - Shealah Craighead)
The president's armchair in 2005 (Sspin55)
George W. Bush rehearsing his State of the Union speech in the theater in 2005;
note the armchairs moved out of the way for more floor space(White House)
George W. Bush rehearsing his State of the Union speech in the theater in 2004 (White House - Eric Draper)
George W. Bush rehearsing his State of the Union speech in the theater in 2004 (Corbis | White House - Eric Draper)
George W. Bush rehearsing a speech in 2001 (Corbis - Ron Sachs)
The Family Theater in 2000 (Nick Valenziano)
The Family Theater, around 1998
Ron Howard (right) and other guests with the Clintons, circa 1995
Anne Richards and Mario Cuomo with the Clintons in 1993 (Corbis - Jeffrey Markowitz)
The Family Theater in 1992 (HABS)
Caroline Kennedy's kindergarten class, graciously allowed by the Johnsons to finish the school term in the White House,
having a singalong in the Family Theater in December 1963 (Kennedy Library)
Mrs. Eisenhower with the grandkids in the Family Theater in 1958 (Life)
Ike and guests in the theater in 1958 (Eisenhower Library)
The Family Theater during the Truman reconstruction in 1950 (Truman Library - Abbie Rowe)
The Family Theater in 1948 (Truman Library - Abbie Rowe)
The Family Theater in 1948 (Truman Library - Abbie Rowe)
Garden Room (khác Palm Room) - trưng bày rất nhiều hiện vật có giá trị lịch sử - nó là nơi thu hút nhiều sự chú ý nhất của các du khách tới thăm Nhà Trắng.
Garden Room in 2008 at Christmastime (jorsulakDC)
Visitors write Christmas cards to servicemen and women in Garden Room in 2010 (White House - Samantha Appleton)
Garden Room in 2005 (Sspin55)
Garden Room at Christmastime in 2004
Garden Room at Christmastime in 2002
Garden Room at Christmastime in 1991 (Bush Library)
Garden Room in 1975 (White House Historical Association)

Palm Room- phòng dành cho khách, có lối ra vườn Hồng.

The Palm Room in 2008, looking south (Architectural Digest)
The Palm Room in 2008, looking north (White House - Pete Souza)
The Palm Room in 2008, looking north (Ruawildeone)
Chief Usher Rochon greets visitors in 2008 (Daniel)
Preparations for a holiday party in 2007 (Time - Brooks Kraft)
Palm Room north side exterior getting a little paint in 2007 (Time - Chris Usher)
Palm Room dressed for Christmas, circa 2005 (White House)
Former astronaut Neil Armstrong gets advice from George W Bush's dog Barney in 2004 (White House)
The Palm Room in 1992 (HABS)
President George Bush with grandchildren in 1989 (Bush Library)
Ronald Reagan walking through, around 1986 (The Presidents)
Ronald Reagan walking through, around 1986 (The Presidents)
Lyndon Johnson reads a memo in the Palm Room in 1967 (National Archives)
JFK (and probably Eleanor Roosevelt) walking through the Palm Room in 1962 (Life)
Union on the west and Liberty on the east walls, by Constantini Brumidi, 1869, were once on the ceiling of the East Room.
The Colonnade in 2008, looking east (Daniel)
The Colonnade in 2008, looking west (morgancbarr)
The Colonnade in 2008, looking west (S. G. Brooks)
The Colonnade at Christmastime in 2006, looking west (Jwolfman83_16)
The Colonnade in 2004, looking east (Christopher Tolton)
The Colonnade at Christmastime, circa 2004
Betty Ford poses with past and present social secretaries in 1975 (NARA - Ford Library)
Mrs. Kennedy and the children, circa 1962 (Kennedy Library)
Colonnade in 1948, looking west (Truman Library)
East Colonnade  - Hành lang Phía Đông là khu vực nối Cánh Tây với khu gia đình. Nó được xây dựng dưới thời Tổng thống Teddy Roosevelt về sau được tu sửa lại bởi FDR.
The Colonnade in 2008, looking west (White House - Pete Souza)
The West Wing's west side in 2009 (New York Times)
The West Wing's entry portico in 2007 (Time - Brooks Kraft)
The West Wing's entry portico in 2006 (Lafayette)
The West Wing's entry portico in 2006
The Oval Office exterior in 2006 (Wikipedia - Nilington)
The west entrance to the ground floor in 2006 (Woo1018)
The West Wing's west side, circa 2005
The west entrance to the ground floor in 2002 (Smajhar)
The West Wing from the west in 1992; note the swimming pool cabana at right (HABS - Jack Boucher)
The West Wing from the southeast in 1992 (HABS - Jack Boucher)
The West Wing from the southeast in 1984 (Dept of Defense)
Solar panels on the roof of the West Wing in 1980 (Bill Fitz-Patrick)
The West Wing from the west in 1980, showing the Carter solar panels (Bill Fitz-Patrick)
Jimmy Carter holds a press conference on the West Wing roof in 1979 to announce his alternative energy initiative;
the solar panels installed on the roof heated water for the Navy Mess
The West Wing west entrance in 1958 (Life)
The West Wing and Rose Garden, 1948, before the Rose Garden was turned into a lawn (Truman Library)
The West Wing west entrance in 1946 (Life)
The West Wing around 1938, showing the ground floor courtyard (Library of Congress)
The West Wing around 1935, after Franklin Roosevelt had the Oval Office moved and a second floor built (Life "Headquarters of Roosevelt & Co." 1937)
The West Wing being extensively remodeled in 1934, when Franklin Roosevelt had the Oval Office moved and a second floor built (Library of Congress)
The West Wing being demolished for renovation 1934
The West Wing and Rose Garden, circa 1933 (HABS - Albert Burns)
Expanded West Wing after the Christmas Eve fire, 1929 (Library of Congress - Theodor Horydczak)
The West Wing in 1925 (Library of Congress - Harris & Ewing)
West Wing north entrance, circa 1925 (Library of Congress)
West Wing, circa 1923 (Library of Congress)
Public receiving day at the West Wing in 1922 (Library of Congress)
Wood is piled for storage in the basement in 1922 (Library of Congress)
The West Wing, around 1917 (Library of Congress - Harris & Ewing)
The south face, circa 1912 (Library of Congress)
Hand-tinted photo of the expanded West Wing, circa 1909 (White House postcard)
The south face, circa 1909 (note the clothes line on the east side) (Library of Congress)
Lithograph postcard of the West Wing and Residence around 1908
Theodore Roosevelt's original Executive Office Building, circa 1908 (Library of Congress)
North entrance, circa 1907 (Library of Congress - Harris & Ewing)
Lithograph postcard of the West Wing and Residence around 1905
Theodore Roosevelt's "temporary" executive office building, circa 1904 (Library of Congress)
TR's executive office building, circa 1903
The new executive office building being completed in 1902
The conservatories, circa 1900, before Theodore Roosevelt built the West Wing in 1902 (Library of Congress)
The conservatories, circa 1900 (White House Historical Association)
The conservatories, circa 1900 (Library of Congress)
Hand-tinted etching of the conservatories in 1885
Illustration of the south face, circa 1860, with the first greenhouse (1857-1867)

Ground Floor of the West Wing

First Floor of the West Wing

Second Floor of the West Wing



Recreation of the second floor in 2007; created by Peter Sharkey
The West Wing in 1968



















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